In addition, Kolb (1999) claims that concrete experience and abstract conceptualization reflect right-brain and left-brain thinking respectively. Kolb theorized that the four combinations of perceiving and processing determine one of four learning styles of how people prefer to learn.
While VAK may have popularized learning styles, David Kolb, Professor of Organizational Behavior at Case Western Reserve University, is credited with launching the learning styles movement in the early seventies and is perhaps one of the most influential learning models developed.
Kolb's learning theory sets out four distinct learning styles, which are based on a four-stage learning cycle.
In this respect, Kolb's model differs from others since it offers both a way to understand individual learning styles, which he named the "Learning Styles Inventory" (LSI), and also an explanation of a cycle of that applies to all learners.
Note that this part of Kolb's model is more useful in that rather than trying to pinpoint a learning style, he provides a model learning program.
Kolb called this Experiential Learning since experience is the source of learning and development (1984).
Each ends of the continuums (modes) provide a step in the learning process: Kolb views the learning process as a context of people moving between the modes of concrete experience (CE) and abstract conceptualization (AC), and reflective observation (RO) and active experimentation (AE).Thus, the effectiveness of learning relies on the ability to balance these modes, which Kolb sees as opposite activities that best promote learning. Note: “Experiential” means relating to or resulting from experience while “experimental” means relating to or based on experiment.Kolb uses the term “experiential” as his theory is based more on reflection of experiences.While others use “experimental” when referencing experimental-inquiry techniques that requires learners to test hypothesis (experiment) about content knowledge.Kolb's learning model is based on two continuums that form a quadrant: This matrix provides a learning cycle that involves four processes that must be present for learning to occur.